Install an OCZ SSD Revodrive in CentOS

So, a while back, I needed to install an SSD PCIe flash drive on one of my CentOS

Install OCZ Revodrive 3 Drivers in CentOS

Install OCZ Revodrive 3 Drivers in CentOS

servers. For a myriad of reasons, we settled on an OCZ Revodrive3.  This led to needing to install the proper drivers and other tasks to get the drive mounted and usable.  Luckily, I wrote down everything that I did so I could do it again if I had to.  I figured that I would share my notes here in case anybody else needed them.  So, this article is how I installed an OCZ SSD Revodrive in CentOS.

Step #1 – Download the drivers for your OCZ Revodrive

I found the drivers on ocz’s website and downloaded them from here:

Step #2 – Unzip, Untar the Drivers, Then Put Them into Place:

After unzipping, and untarring the drivers, I ran the following:

# cp ocz10xx.ko /lib/modules/2.6.18-308.el5/extra/
# depmod -a
# modprobe ocz10xx

Depmod creates a list of module dependencies by reading each module under /lib/modules/version and determining what symbols it exports and what symbols it needs.

Modprobe adds modules into the Linux Kernel

Step #3 – Verify the Kernel See the OCZ Drive

Now that the drives are installed into the kernel, we need to verify that the drive is visible by the kernel.   I am not sure if I rebooted the machine prior to this step or not.  If it doesn’t work immediately, you may wish to reboot.

# ls /dev/sd*         <-  I did this to verify that I had another drive listed (/dev/sdb)
/dev/sda  /dev/sda1  /dev/sda2  /dev/sdb

# hdparm -I /dev/sdb    <- Get information about the drive

ATA device, with non-removable media
    Model Number:       OCZ-REVODRIVE3                          
    Serial Number:      OCZ-0OVQR608150CJJ7J
    Firmware Revision:  2.15
Transport: Serial, ATA8-AST, SATA 1.0a, SATA II Extensions, SATA Rev 2.5
    Supported: 8 7 6 5
    Likely used: 8
    Logical        max    current
    cylinders    16383    16383
    heads        16    16
    sectors/track    63    63
    CHS current addressable sectors:   16514064
    LBA    user addressable sectors:  468883199
    LBA48  user addressable sectors:  468883199
    device size with M = 1024*1024:      228946 MBytes
    device size with M = 1000*1000:      240068 MBytes (240 GB)
    LBA, IORDY(can be disabled)
    Queue depth: 32
    Standby timer values: spec'd by Standard, no device specific minimum
    R/W multiple sector transfer: Max = 16    Current = 16
    Advanced power management level: unknown setting (0x00fe)
    DMA: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 udma5 *udma6 
         Cycle time: min=120ns recommended=120ns
    PIO: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4 
         Cycle time: no flow control=120ns  IORDY flow control=120ns
    Enabled    Supported:
       *    SMART feature set
            Security Mode feature set
       *    Power Management feature set
       *    Write cache
       *    Look-ahead
       *    Host Protected Area feature set
       *    WRITE_BUFFER command
       *    READ_BUFFER command
       *    NOP cmd
       *    Advanced Power Management feature set
            Power-Up In Standby feature set
       *    SET_FEATURES required to spinup after power up
       *    48-bit Address feature set
       *    Mandatory FLUSH_CACHE
       *    FLUSH_CACHE_EXT
       *    SMART error logging
       *    SMART self-test
       *    General Purpose Logging feature set
       *    64-bit World wide name
       *    IDLE_IMMEDIATE with UNLOAD
            Write-Read-Verify feature set
       *    WRITE_UNCORRECTABLE command
       *    {READ,WRITE}_DMA_EXT_GPL commands
       *    Segmented DOWNLOAD_MICROCODE
       *    SATA-I signaling speed (1.5Gb/s)
       *    SATA-II signaling speed (3.0Gb/s)
       *    unknown 76[3]
       *    Native Command Queueing (NCQ)
       *    Host-initiated interface power management
       *    Phy event counters
       *    unknown 76[14]
       *    unknown 76[15]
            DMA Setup Auto-Activate optimization
            Device-initiated interface power management
       *    Software settings preservation
    Master password revision code = 65534
    not    enabled
    not    locked
    not    frozen
    not    expired: security count
    not    supported: enhanced erase
    2min for SECURITY ERASE UNIT. 
Checksum: correct

With all of that, it appears that our OCZ SSD PCIe drive was found by the kernel and is ready for us to partition, build a filesystem and mount, and then use.

Step #4 – Partition the OCZ SSD PCIe Drive

I partitioned the OCZ SSD drive using the following steps:

# fdisk /dev/sdb   < - Be sure to choose the correct /dev/sd(n) as determined in step 3 above
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,
until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous
content won't be recoverable.
The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 29186.
There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,
and could in certain setups cause problems with:
1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)
2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs
   (e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)
Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)
Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sdb: 240.0 GB, 240068197888 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 29186 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
Command (m for help): n
Command action
   e   extended 
/dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00 /                       ext3    defaults        1 1
   p   primary partition (1-4)
Partition number (1-4): 
Value out of range.
Partition number (1-4): 1
First cylinder (1-29186, default 1): 
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-29186, default 29186): 
Using default value 29186
Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sdb: 240.0 GB, 240068197888 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 29186 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sdb1               1       29186   234436513+  83  Linux
Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.


#5 – Create and Mount the Filesystem on the OCZ SSD Drive

# mkfs -t ext3 /dev/sdb1
mke2fs 1.39 (29-May-2006)
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=4096 (log=2)
Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
29310976 inodes, 58609128 blocks
2930456 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=4294967296
1789 block groups
32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
16384 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks:
    32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208,
    4096000, 7962624, 11239424, 20480000, 23887872
Writing inode tables: done                           
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
This filesystem will be automatically checked every 31 mounts or
180 days, whichever comes first.  Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

Create a Mount Point

# mkdir /data

Add the filesystem to the /etc/fstab file

# cat >> /etc/fstab << EOF
/dev/sdb1         /data                    ext3    defaults        1   3

Mount the filesystem

# mount /data

Verify the Mount

# df -h /data
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/sdb1             221G  188M  209G   1% /data
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Jeff has 20 years of professional IT experience, having done nearly everything in his roles of IT consultant, Systems Integrator, Systems Engineer, CNOC Engineer, Systems Administrator, Network Systems Administrator, and IT Director. If there is one thing he knows for sure, it is that there is always a simple answer to every IT problem and that downtime begins with complexity. Seasoned IT professional by day, Jeff hopes to help other IT professionals by blogging about his experiences at night on his blog: You can find Jeff on or LinkedIn at: LinkedIn or Twitter at: Twitter

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